week 4 Historical Survey of Origin of Comic books

Graphic Narratives Blog3
History of Comics




Bayeux Tapestry

Bilderburgen -individual sheets
William Hogarth -upmarket prints
Social /Poliitical – Satire

Thomas Rowlanson Book 1812 Less political. Social satire.
Rudolph Topffer – Les Amours de Mr View Bois.

Britain Ally Sloper Judy 1867 -singele panel cartoons, text stories…some comic strips. Spins off into his own magazine in 1884.
Punch 1841- Humour- 1843 gave the word “cartoon” its meaning 1842 The Illustrated London News.

The Graphic 1871 -Journalism that looks like Graphic Narrative – Accompanie text on another page(due to printing technology.

Little or no real Graphic narrative 1840’3-1860’s

1869 Illustrated London News ‘Mr Titburys’s Turkey’ ?? stand-alone “wordless comic strip” ?? text elsewhere?

The Graphic 1889 Uncle Bills pie 1880’s Occasional full colour.

Germany Bilderbogen =individual one-page prints.

France Humour magazines
U.S.A Humour weeklies become known as “comic weeklies’ Puck 1871, Judge 1881 lithography

Puck Judge, occasional “comic strips’ or pre-comics

SUNDAY NEWSPAPER -did not publish on Sundays because of The sabbath. Sunday Herald

George Newness publisher of tit bits and the strand.
Sunday 1884 -first 4 colour comic strip.
The Yellow Kid May 1986

William Rndolph Hearst arrives in NYC from San Francisco on 1885 & buys The (Morning )

Massive Rivalry – Pulitzer continues to publish the Yellow Kid with a new artist in The World. Yellow World.
Yellow Kid’s first comic strip October 1896, In The Journal.

Yellow Kid


Yellow Kid Regular tableaux occasional comic strips by Outcault inThe Journal
Katzenjammer Kids by Rudolph Dirks starts 1897, Heavily influenced
Upper word balloons happy hooligan.


Week 2 Looking at a variety of Graphic Narrative work-Evaluating a Graphic Narrative.


This week we were all asked to each bring in something to show the rest of the class and to talk about briefly. We took turns to show each other the a piece of Graphic Narrative that we are interested in and tell them why, for what reason and to discuss the details.It could be either a moving or read narrative.

Considerations in observation of differences in the range of materials.

GENRE- or ADAPTATION taking something from one medium to another for example comic book to another medium such as animation (example Netflix series Batman and the killing joke).

PUBLISHER -what is the publisher like? what other work have they completed?


There was a range of pieces from different genre and some people showed animations whilst others showed comics or graphic novels of some type.

Interdisciplinary- it can be Graphic Novels in film format.

For The Essay – can choose one main graphic narrative and then look at other similar or comparisons


Illuminations from The Bhagavad-Gita By Kim and Kris Murray

This work is an Illustrated collection of verses from The Bhagavad-Gita As IT IS by His Divine Grace A.C Bhaktivedanta Swami Srila Prabhupada. “This book is a celebration of the glories of Bhagavad-Gita and its author, Lord Krishna. It represents a selection of verses from the Gita (one should read it in its entirety to fully relish the sublime philosophy) and illustrations of some of Krishnas wonderful pastimes and activities.”- Kim and Chris Murray. It is an Illustrated Manuscript or Illustrated masterpiece of Vedic Literature.

Kim Murray with her work

“Bhagavad- Gita is the world’s most complete book of scientific spiritual knowledge.”

This beautiful work was created by married couple Kim and Chris Murray who decided to illustrate Srila Prabhupadas translation of the sacred Vedic text in the sixties when they became Hare Krishna devotees.

This book was published originally by Harper and Row in 1980 and then republished by Mandala in 1998 and then again by MOSA in 2015. It was Kim who did all of the wonderfully detailed illustrations and Chris who chose the verses to be illustrated and encouraged her to get the work published as well as pursuing all of the publishing leads.

Kim has developed her own innovative art form and this is what Srila Prabhupada indeed said himself when the young couple first showed the work to him. Srila Prabhupada was thrilled when he saw the art works when they presented them to him. When they told him about the possibility to get the book published with Harper and Row in New York in 1974 Srila Prabhupada gave them blessing in the form of these words. He said “You are introducing a new art form to this country. You will get great rewards for this.” “Do It!”.

A lot of the pages are verses of the Bhagvad-Gita that Kim has hand drawn out and then decorated exquisitely with motifs and emblems of the spiritual world. She has filled the pages with Krishna and the Gopis, Mother Yashoda and cows and peacocks in the Vrindavan forests.

The drawings are beautifully and carefully executed with grace and flair and the detailed patterning and borders that contain the pages are all unique. The style is like a comic book with transcendental artworks inspired by Indian traditional art, the artworks of The Hare Krishna devotes as well as Renaissance painters and William Blake.

This is a very special way to learn about the Bhagvad-Gita and about lord Krishna and his pastimes.